CIE Peer Review

Subject Status Review of 82 Corals
Document(s) Reviewed (final version; see below)
Brainard RE, Birkeland C, Eakin CM, McElhany P, Miller MW, Patterson M, Piniak GA
2011. Status Review Report of 82 Candidate Coral Species Petitioned Under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA Technical Memorandum NOAA-TM-NMFS-PIFSC-27, 530 p. + 1
Download (36.7 MB PDF)
Date 27 July 2012

A Status Review of 82 species of coral was conducted by a Biological Review Team of scientists from the NOAA/NMFS Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, NOAA/NMFS Southeast Fisheries Science Center, NOAA National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service, U.S. Park Service, and U.S. Geological Survey concerning the question whether to list any or all of these corals under the Endangered Species Act. Of these species, 8 occur in the Atlantic and 75 in the Pacific.

For each coral species, the report presents and evaluates information on the species' distribution, biology, abundance trends, natural and anthropogenic threats, and danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range.

Before publishing the Status Review report (posted above), the NMFS solicited peer reviews of the draft Status Review document through the Center for Independent Experts (CIE). The CIE selected three experts external NOAA, asking each reviewer to adhere to the following terms of reference:

Evaluate the adequacy, appropriateness and application of data used in the Status Review document.

  1. In general, does the Status Review include and cite the best scientific and commercial information available on the species, its biology, stock structure, habitats, threats, and risks of extinction?
  2. Are methods used valid and appropriate?
  3. Are the scientific conclusions factually supported, sound, and logical?
  4. Where available, are opposing scientific studies or theories acknowledged and discussed?
  5. Are uncertainties assessed and clearly stated?

Evaluate the findings made in the Status Review.

  1. Are the results of the Extinction Risk Analysis supported by the information presented?

After studying the draft Status Review document, each reviewer provided comments and editorial suggestions to the BRT through the CIE. Reports of the independent peer reviewers are posted below. Comments and editorial suggestions of reviewers, including those provided in marked-up copies of the draft Status Review, were carefully considered by the BRT and the draft Status Review was revised accordingly. The final version of the Status Review document (posted above) takes into consideration responses of the peer reviewers as well as comments on the draft document by NMFS staff.

The Status Review Report was completed by the BRT and made available to NOAA in September 2011. NOAA released the report to the public in April 2012.

— Samuel G. Pooley, Director

Reviewer Comments

Dr. John McManus
National Center for Coral Reef Research
Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science
University of Miami
Miami, Florida, U.S.A.
Comments (0.2 MB PDF)

Dr. Terry Hughes
ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies
James Cook University
Townsville, Queensland, Australia
Comments (0.5 MB PDF)

Dr. Bernhard Riegl
National Coral Reef Institute
NOVA Southeastern University
Hollywood, Florida, U.S.A.
Comments (0.5 MB PDF)

Author Response

No response