Assessments of Excess Fishing Capacity in Select Federally Managed Commercial Fisheries

Abstract

The NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service established the National Capacity Task Force in 1998 and initiated an analytical program of measuring capacity in federally managed fisheries qualitatively and quantitatively as a first strategy to assess and resolve the problem of overcapacity in U.S. marine fisheries. In response to this national task, we conducted harvesting capacity assessments for the Hawaii-based longline fishery and the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI) bottomfish fishery. These fisheries were major components of the fisheries managed under the fishery management plan (FMP) for Pelagic Fisheries of the Western Pacific Region and the FMP for the Bottomfish and Seamount Groundfish Fisheries of the Western Pacific Region. The other fisheries managed under these two FMPs (principally the American Samoa-based longline fishery and the bottomfish fisheries in the main Hawaiian Islands and the other Pacific islands) were not included. The data available for the American Samoa-based longline fishery were not strictly comparable to the data for the Hawaii-based longline fishery; and inadequate data were available for the bottomfish fisheries. The assessments, which are for 2004, are presented by fishery.

Reports

Walden J, Pan M, Terry J
2008. Appendix 10: Pacific Islands Region Assessment. In: Terry J, Walden J, and Kirkley J, eds. National Assessment of Excess Harvesting Capacity in Federally Managed Commercial Fisheries. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-F/SPO-93, 368 p.
Terry J, Pan M
2008. Findings of Two Recent U.S. Reports on Excess Harvesting Capacity in Federally Managed Commercial Fisheries; Proceedings of The International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET) Fourteenth Biennial Conference, Nha Trang, Vietnam, July 22-25, 2008, 12p.