The Sociocultural Importance of Spearfishing in Hawaiʻi

The Sociocultural Importance of Spearfishing in Hawaiʻi is a description of spearfishing and spearfishermen in Hawaiʻi developed from ethnographic fieldwork (focused on Oahu) coupled with analysis of spearfishing data from the Hawaiʻi Marine Recreational Fishing Survey (HMRFS). Sections of the report describe spearfishermen demographics, gear used, species targeted and caught, spearfishing locations and timing, motivations, and social aspects of spearfishing including clubs and organizations, holo holo dives and other spearfishing competitions, and socioeconomic networks.

The report also describes some of major concerns and issues voiced by local spearfishermen. The most frequently mentioned issues were tourism development; marine ecosystem conditions; one-size-fits-all management; lack of enforcement; the need to increase education; runoff, pollution and coastal development; recreational licensing; and the interisland ferry which was being considered at the time of the study.


Stoffle BW, Allen SD
The Sociocultural Importance of Spearfishing in Hawaiʻi 2012. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA Technical Memorandum NOAA-TM-NMFS-PIFSC-31, 38 p.