Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument

Establishment: The Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument (PRIMNM) was established in January, 2009, by Presidential Proclamation 8336 and expanded in 2014, by Presidential Proclamation 9173. PRIMNM consists of Howland, Baker, and Jarvis Islands, Kingman Reef, Palmyra and Johnston Atolls, and Wake Island which lie to the south and west of Hawaiʻi.

Size: The Monument area consists of approximately 308,316 square nautical miles, encompassing seven islands and atolls in the central Pacific Ocean.

Science: The Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) coordinates numerous marine research activities in PRIMNM. The PRIMNM Ecosystem Science Plan (in development) will provide an overview of the existing scientific knowledge of the PRIMNM. The plan provides a framework approach for research, monitoring, and exploration associated with the PRIMNM. It develops a mechanism that fosters cross-disciplinary research, linking biological, physical, and human characteristics of the PRIMNM. The PRIMNM Ecosystem Science Plan will aim to provide a framework for collecting "best available science" to support management of the PRIMNM.

Recent Research

  • Bottomfish - In 2014, PIFSC Scientists conducted bottomfish research during the NOAA Ship Oscar Elton Sette research cruise. The primary focus of this bottomfish research project in Johnston Atoll was to collect fin-clip tissue samples for DNA analyses from all species of the commercially important "Deep-7" bottomfish complex. These species include the Hawaiian grouper "hapuʻupuʻu" and the six species of deep-water snappers ("opakapaka", "ehu", "onaga", "lehi", "gindai", and "kalekale"). Click here to read more...
  • Coral Reefs - In 2015, the Coral Reef Ecosystem Program conducted the 7th research voyage to the PRIMNM. Surveys were conducted at Jarvis Island, Kingman Reef, and Palmyra Atoll. Click here to read more...

For more information on our research partners, please see: Palmyra Atoll Research Consortium.